Москалец Алла Сергеевна

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Your questions are answered by the leading specialist of our center, Alla Moskalets, consultant and specialist in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA).

Alla Sergeevna Moskalets - graduate of DonNU, a teacher. Graduated from the Certified Course on Behavioral Analysis (2012-2012) of the Master of the VSBA Olga Shapovalova (Certificate of the WACA Course No. 11223), she completed the Certified Course on Behavioral Analysis of the VSBA (2013-2015) . He works with children with PEP and ASD since 2010.

Behavioral analyst, co-founder of the Ukrainian Association of Behavioral Analysts.


As for today this issue remains open not only for parents who are facing this disease with their child, but also for specialists. Autism has not yet found an effective drug or method of treatment. But there are methods that are really capable of helping children in one way or another. And with the simultaneous application of these methods, you can achieve the greatest results. Kiev neuropsychiatrist, doctor of medical sciences A.Chuprikov recommends combining traditional methods of treatment of autism - psychological and medicamentous, with alternative methods - with the help of dolphins, horses and dogs. Such complex therapy has shown its effectiveness in the treatment of children with autism in Europe and the United States.
Music therapy is one of the main areas of work with autistic children. As you know, one of the main problems in establishing cooperation with the autistic child is the absence of his attention, stay on "their wave." Specifically selected music attracts and organizes the relative stability of the child's perception. Also found that a greater commitment in relation to objects than to the people determines the effectiveness of dialogue with them indirectly, like through musical instruments.
Echolalia is an automatic repetition of the vocalizations of other people; in other words, the repetition of words, phrases and sentences pronounced by another person. Repetition can occur immediately after the child has heard the word or sound, or after some time in the future, in this case it is a delayed echolalia. Children with hyperlexia are also prone to echolality.
Hyperlexia is a combination of overly developed reading skills and inadequate knowledge of spoken language (compared to normotypical indicators for the age at which the child is). Although hyper-lexical children often repeat the words they read, they, as a rule, do not realize the context of these words. They repeat what they read, while echolastic children repeat what they hear. In both cases, if the child is at an early age, as a rule, he rarely understands the meaning of the words he repeats.
It is unlikely that an autistic child will "grow out" of echolalia with time; However, echolalia can become less intense and in many cases is almost invisible. In adults with autism, echolalia still exists, which can look like a simple repetition of the words of other people. They can unconsciously (whisper) to repeat the verbal instructions given to them during the execution of a certain task. They can quote replicas from their favorite movies or television shows - often in a context appropriate for the situation. Echolalia can even manifest itself in the form of unconscious repetition or almost silent sounding of the read text. Thus, people hear their voice when they read the words, in fact, repeating these sounds.
To date, there is no "medicine" for echolalia; however, there are a number of things that can help a child develop their speech skills. Always remain calm and use a constant, single speech. Be specific and direct in your speech, whenever possible use questions that you can answer "yes" or "no". In the above example about juice, when a child answers you, repeating your same question, you can say "Yes, I want juice." Probably, the child will repeat this phrase, and it will become a "script" of the answer to this question. Be patient, calm and consistent.
Although echolalia is not a diagnostic criterion for diagnosing "autism", it is common in autistic children. The appearance of echolalia in a baby is not a reliable sign of autism: it can occur in children without autism spectrum disorders.

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